PATRIOT Act Section 215 Litigation:
American Civil Liberties Union v. Clapper. Lawsuit filed June 11, 2013, in the Southern District of New York against the Director of National Intelligence and the heads of four other agencies involved in the collection of telephony metadata. Argues that mass phone call tracking violates Section 215 and the First and Fourth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles v. National Security Agency. The Electronic Frontier Foundation, on behalf of religious, gun ownership, political, and human rights groups, filed suit in the Northern District of California on July 16, 2013, against the NSA and three other agencies involved in the collection of telephony metadata. The plaintiffs allege that illegal collection of their call records violate the plaintiffs’ First Amendment right of association as well as Fourth and Fifth Amendment rights. They claim that the mass collection of telephone records provides the government a more revealing picture of one’s associations than would an organizational membership list.